Caravans and mobile homes

This guidance is for people who live in a caravan or a mobile home but much of it also applies if you are holidaying in a caravan.

We also have further guidance on how to have a safe holiday, visit our camping and caravanning page.

A silver mobile home underneath green trees and sunlight.

Fire safety advice

Keeping safe in your caravan or mobile home shares many similarities with keeping fire safe in any other building.

Make sure that:

  • if there is a fire, you get out, stay out and call 999
  • you can get out of a window if needed
  • you fit a smoke alarm, test it once a week and don’t remove the batteries
  • you fit alarms in suitable places and try moving them around if necessary to avoid false alarms, especially if you have a solid fuel burner.

Be carbon monoxide (CO) aware

CO is a poisonous gas that can kill you. To stay safe:

  • keep vents clear and never block them
  • fit a carbon monoxide (CO) detector.

Heating your caravan or mobile home safely

When you’re using heaters, remember to:

  • never dry clothes on or right next to the heater
  • make sure the heaters work properly
  • use a Gas Safe engineer to check or fix your gas heaters.

When you’re using solid fuel burners, remember:

  • to always follow the instructions for use
  • to never overload the burner, and only burn fuels that are recommended by the manufacturer
  • to keep your burner clean - brush out flue passages once a month
  • if you have a chimney, to get it swept once a year
  • your burner should be installed and regularly serviced by a competent engineer
  • to ensure the room is well ventilated
  • if you are burning wood it must be dry and well-seasoned - this usually takes about two years.

If you need to make an emergency call

Depending on where your caravan or mobile home is located, it could be hard to reach or describe.

Make sure to tell the operator:

  • the full address, or give directions if the location is not obvious - a six-figure Ordnance Survey grid reference is helpful, or you can use the What3Words app
  • if access to the fire will be difficult for fire engines or if a four-wheel drive will be needed
  • if there will be problems accessing water supplies.

Remember to send someone to meet the Fire and Rescue Service when they arrive.